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Chapter6Cosets and Lagrange's Theorem

Lagrange's Theorem, one of the most important results in finite group theory, states that the order of a subgroup must divide the order of the group. This theorem provides a powerful tool for analyzing finite groups; it gives us an idea of exactly what type of subgroups we might expect a finite group to possess. Central to understanding Lagranges's Theorem is the notion of a coset.